Rovinj or Rovigno in Italian
Rovinj is one of the most picturesque towns in istria.The old town has many narrow streets filled with galleries and small independent shops. One can spend a whole week relaxing in Rovinj with its many good restaurants and many things to do.
Short history of Rovinj
Inhabited since the prehistoric period, Rovinj was already a settlement of Illyrian tribes before being captured by the Romans, who called it Arupinium or Mons Rubineus, and later Ruginium and Ruvinium.
It became part of the Byzantine empire, then in the sixth century part of the Exarchate of Ravenna and in 788 part of the Frankish empire. Then it came under the rule of different feudal lords for several centuries, including the Aquileian patriarch.
From 1283 to 1797 Rovinj was one of the most important towns of Istria under the Republic of Venice.In the Venetian period, Rovinj evolved into a strong fishing, shipbuilding and maritime centre, especially in the 17th and 18th century when it became the primary naval city in the whole of Istria.
The bell tower of St Euphemia cathedral was built from 1654-1677 and was modeled after Venice’s famous St Mark’s bell tower. In that period, the city walls were firmed, Rovinj,the started to expand on the mainland causing the backfilling of the channel between the island and land, creating what is nowadays the Rovinj peninsula.
After the fall of Venice citizens of Rovinj took the city government and managed to keep it during the Austrian and French administrations when the progress of industry and the urban development began. Until second half of 19th century, Rovinj was the largest port on the Western coast of Istria. In 1918, Rovinj was occupied by the Italian forces and from 1920 the city was under Italian rule. After Italy’s capitulation in the 1943, Rovinj joined the resistance of Croatians in Istria to become part of Yugoslavia in 1947 and finally, in 1991, the part of the independent Republic of Croatia.
- Rovinj’s old town – narrow buildings,narrow streets and small town squares. Characteristically designed chimneys are particularly interesting in this town centre .
- The church of Saint Euphemia – named after the town’s saint. The church is built in the 18 century in the heart of the old town.
- The Rovinj town museum – a Baroque building in the town centre, it contains an exhibition of modern art as well as various permanent collections.
- The Franciscan Monastery – the monastery and the church were built at the beginning of the 18th century in the Baroque style. It’s a fascinating museum of sacral artifacts.
- walking up the stairs in St.Euphemia church (no health and safety there!)
- Strolling the old medieval narrow street of Rovinj
- Sipping a cocktail while sitting on the rocks in ‘valentino’ bar.
- Visit restaurant ‘Dub’ where you can sample some Istrian delicacies
Accomodation in Rovinj